of all couples struggling with infertility are affected by male factor infertility
Though fertility is often considered a female problem, approximately 50 percent of couples that have trouble conceiving discover the issues are related to male factor infertility. Male factor infertility, a condition in which the sperm function is compromised, makes it difficult for fertilization to occur. Evaluation of the male partner should occur during the initial infertility consultation. Once Dr. Brown identifies the source of the problem, male factor can usually be successfully addressed.
The evaluation begins with a detailed medical history that includes reviewing past and present medical conditions. We will also review with any past surgeries, paying close attention to surgeries related to the male reproductive organs. As well, Dr Brown will want to discuss any medications that you are taking, both prescription and over the counter. Many medications can affect sperm production and performance. Because certain lifestyle choices can contribute to male infertility, Dr. Brown will also want to know if you smoke, drink alcohol, and if there is or has been any illicit drug use. Finally, we will also go over any occupational hazards that may potentially create exposure to substances that could impact fertility.
During your appointment, plan on discussing your family history as well to determine any history of infertility and/or birth defects that could contribute to fertility issues. In some cases, we may suggest genetic testing to evaluate for changes on the Y chromosome and specific genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis and Klinefelter syndrome that may lead to male infertility.